* Eureka Magazine: Elinor Ostrom et al: Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges [PDF] [SQ Copy PDF]
» Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges, Elinor Ostrom et al.
Science 284, 278-282 (1999).
Revisiting the commons: local lessons, global challenges
Ostrom, E.; Burger, J.; Field, C.B.; Norgaard, R.B.; Policansky, D.
09 April 1999 | Science Washington 284(5412): 278-282
The writers describe the advances in understanding and managing commons problems that have occurred since 1968. In that year, Garrett Hardin argued in the seminal paper “The Tragedy of the Commons” that common-resource users are trapped in an inevitable process that leads to the destruction of the resources on which they depend. A critical lesson from the empirical studies of sustainable resources is that more solutions exist than Hardin suggested: Although humans assume a narrow, self-interested attitude in many settings, they can also use reciprocity to overcome social problems. Topics discussed include property rights, the successful farmer-managed systems of Nepal, and the challenges of global commons.