Deng Xiaoping: China’s One Child Policy

* Deng Xiaoping: China’s One Child Policy: Mojo: 10 China’s One-Child Policy Facts; Suzanne Transki: One Child Policy Documentary; ASPO: Al Bartlett on China’s One Child Population Policy

Deng Xiaoping: China’s One Child Policy

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Deng Xiaoping introduced China’s one child policy in 1978-79, to halt – an average of 6 children per family – population growth. On 25 Sep 1980 an official public letter called on all citizens to adhere to the one child policy. The One Child policy was enacted and managed by the National Population and Family Planning Commission, through incentives, persuasion and coercion. Unofficial figures claim approximately 300-400 million births were prevented between 1978-2015. A 2008 survey reported that 76% of the Chinese public support the law. Less than 10% of Chinese families have taken advantage of the Chinese governments relaxation of the law to a two child policy; citing environmental and economic reasons for their adherence to the one child policy rule.
– Mojo: 10 China’s One-Child Policy Facts; Suzanne Transki: One Child Policy Documentary; ASPO: Al Bartlett on China’s One Child Population Policy;

China Family Planning Posters:
1960s: Practicing birth control is beneficial for the protection of the health of mother and child; 1960s: Marrying late has many advantages; 1970s: Its a Revolutionary Requirement to Marry Late; Practice Birth Control for the Revolution, 1972; 1974: Deliver Birth Control to the Doorstep; 1974: Practice Birth Control/Implement Family Planning for the Revolution; 1974: Family Planning has Many Advantages; Marry Late for the Revolution; 1975: Practice Birth Control for the Revolution – Freely Supplied Contraceptives; 1975: Birth Control is Good; 1974: Deliver Birth Control to the Doorstep; 1978 Planned Parenthood Strong Children; 1974: Barefoot Doctors over the Mountain Villages; Early 1970’s: The New Manba (Tibetan Doctor). –  Chinese Posters: Population Policy [MG: 60’s Copy; 70’s Copy; Barefoot Dr Copy].

Al Bartlett: China’s One Child Policy:
China has reduced its population by preventing an estimated 300 million births, which is a far greater contribution to climate change reductions; than any other country. – ASPO: Al Bartlett on China’s One Child Population Policy.

The one-child policy, a part of the family planning policy, was a population planning policy of China. It was introduced in 1979 and began to be formally phased out in 2015. The policy allowed exceptions for many groups, including ethnic minorities. In 2007, 36% of China’s population was subject to a strict one-child restriction, with an additional 53% being allowed to have a second child if the first child was a girl. Provincial governments imposed fines for violations, and the local and national governments created commissions to raise awareness and carry out registration and inspection work.
According to the Chinese government, 400 million births were prevented. This claim has been called “false” by scholars, because “three-quarters of the decline in fertility since 1970 occurred before the launching of the one-child policy; and most of the further decline in fertility since 1980 can be attributed to economic development.” Thailand and Iran, along with the Indian states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, have had similar declines of fertility without a one-child policy. Although 76% of Chinese people supported the policy in a 2008 survey, it was controversial outside of China.
On October 29, 2015, it was reported that the existing law would be changed to a two-child policy, citing a statement from the Communist Party of China. The new law became effective on January 1, 2016, following its passage in the standing committee of the National People’s Congress on December 27, 2015.
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